NCLEX-RN Class: The Child with Cardiovascular and Hematologic Health Problems
This NCLEX title covers:
- The Client Undergoing a Cardiac Catheterization
- The Client with a Congenital Heart Defect
- The Client with Rheumatic Fever
- The Client with Kawasaki Disease
- The Client with Sickle Cell Anemia
- The Client with Iron Deficiency Anemia
- The Client with Hemophilia
- The Client with Leukemia
- Managing Care Quality and Safety
- Answers, Rationales, and Test Taking Strategies
Cardiovascular disease includes conditions that affect the structures or function of your heart. It’s the leading cause of death in the U.S. It’s important to learn about your heart to help prevent it. If you have it, you can live a healthier, more active life by learning about your disease and taking care of yourself.
The heart is an amazing organ. It beats in a steady, even rhythm, about 60 to 100 times each minute. That’s about 100,000 times each day. Sometimes, your heart gets out of rhythm. An irregular or abnormal heartbeat is called an arrhythmia. An arrhythmia (also called a dysrhythmia) can produce an uneven heartbeat, or a very slow or very fast beat.
The term can be frightening. It doesn’t mean the heart has “failed,” or stopped working. It means the heart doesn’t pump as well as it should. This will cause you to retain salt and water, which will give you swelling and shortness of breath. Heart failure is a major health problem in the U.S., affecting nearly 5 million Americans. About 550,000 people are diagnosed with it each year. It is the leading cause of hospitalization in people older than age 65.
Hematologic disorders has advanced steadily over the past two decades, stimulated by rapid growth in molecular biology, genetics, and contemporary diagnostic platforms. Venous thromboembolism was highlighted as well, serving as a clinical template to heighten awareness of a common problem faced by all clinicians, including general cardiologists, and to clearly distinguish blood disorders which are unique to the venous as compared to the arterial circulatory systems. Finally, practical steps and general guidance for diagnostic testing and management in routine clinical care were offered to foster safe, effective, and cost-efficient patient care.