Best NCLEX-RN Practice: The Client with Respiratory Health Problems
The NCLEX title cover:
- The Client with an Upper Respiratory Tract Infection
- The Client Undergoing Nasal Surgery
- The Client with Cancer of the Larynx
- The Client with Pneumonia
- The Client with Tuberculosis
- The Client with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
- The Client with Asthma
- The Client with Lung Cancer
- The Client with Chest Trauma
- The Client with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
- Managing Care Quality and Safety
- Answers, Rationales, and Test Taking Strategies
Mounting evidence suggests that air pollution contributes to the large global burden of respiratory and allergic diseases, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumonia, and possibly tuberculosis. Although associations between air pollution and respiratory disease are complex, recent epidemiologic studies have led to an increased recognition of the emerging importance of traffic-related air pollution in both developed and less-developed countries, as well as the continued importance of emissions from domestic fires burning biomass fuels, primarily in the less-developed world. Emissions from these sources lead to personal exposures to complex mixtures of air pollutants that change rapidly in space and time because of varying emission rates, distances from source, ventilation rates, and other factors. Although the high degree of variability in personal exposure to pollutants from these sources remains a challenge, newer methods for measuring and modeling these exposures are beginning to unravel complex associations with asthma and other respiratory tract diseases.
Respiratory disease is a medical term that encompasses pathological conditions affecting the organs and tissues that make gas exchange possible in higher organisms, and includes conditions of the upper respiratory tract, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, pleura and pleural cavity, and the nerves and muscles of breathing. Respiratory diseases range from mild and self-limiting, such as the common cold, to life-threatening entities like bacterial pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, acute asthma and lung cancer.